At a Glance

Size:The Gobi desert covers 1.3 million square kilometers and is elevated with hot summers and cold winters.


Climate: Gobi is a very cold desert yet it rarely snows. It is located above sea level. Rainfall is up to 7.6 inches per anum.


Conservation and ecology: The eggs of dinosaur were first identified in Gobi desert. The desert is a main source of various important fossil finds.


Adaptations: To survive in Gobi desert, the plants have to lose their leaves until it rains again. They are gifted with long roots that absorb water from a large area. Animals get their water from the food they eat, and come out at night.

The Gobi Desert

Although it's only the fifth largest in the world, the Gobi Desert is the most expansive arid region on the Asian continent. The desert spans two countries, covering parts of northern and northwestern China and up into southern Mongolia. A rain shadow desert, Gobi suffers from having most of its rain blocked by the Himalyas. However, this doesn't mean the region receives zero precipitation. In fact, the Gobi gets about 7 inches of rainfall each year.

The Gobi Desert

Gobi is a cold desert, thanks to its northern location and height (roughly 1520 meters above sea level at the area's highest points). As a result, sometimes frost and even snow can be seen capping Gobi's dunes. Temperatures can fall as far minus-40 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. Summer is no picnic, either, with the heat occasionally rising to 122 degrees Fahrenheit. The desert is also far less sandy than other deserts. Instead, the desert floor is mostly bare rock, due in most part to the high winds that whip across the plateau. Gobi may be the fifth largest desert on the planet, but the area actually contains five distinct ecological regions: The Eastern Gobi desert steppe, the Alashan Plateau semi-desert, The Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe, the Dzungarian Basin semi-desert, and the Tian Shan range.

The Eastern Gobi desert steppe covers the easternmost region, encompassing 281,800 square kilometers. This region spans the area from the Inner Mongolian Plateau in China northward into Mongolia itself. There are many salt ponds and low-lying areas in the Eastern Gobi, as well as the Yin Mountains.

The Alashan Plateau semi-desert sits to the west-southwest of the Eastern Gobi desert steppe. Most of this plateau is made up of desert basins and low-lying mountain ranges, including the Gobi Altai range, the Helan Mountains, and the Qilian Mountains.

The Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe lies between the Khangai Mountains and the Gobi Altai range, north of the Alashan Plateau.

The Dzungarian Basin semi-desert is situated between the Tian Shan range in the south and the Altai mountains to the north. The area extends from the southeastern corner of Mongolia into China, covering the northern part of Xinjiang province in China.

The Tian Shan range acts as a border between the Dzungarian Basin and the Taklamakan Desert to the west. The Taklamakan is deemed separate from the Gobi because of its sandy basin surrounded by high mountain ranges.

A lot of history has happened across Gobi's dunes, too. The desert is home to the first fossilized dinosaur egg ever found, as well as many other important fossil discoveries. It was part of the great Mongol Empire, the largest contiguous empire in history, during the 13th and 14th centuries. Gobi also contained a few important cities for traders to stop and rest while traveling the Silk Road from Europe to China. The Italian explorer Marco Polo encountered Gobi's fabled cities on his epic 24-year journey through Asia back to Venice, which he recounted in his book "The Travels of Marco Polo."

The Gobi Desert continues to grow, and its rapid growth is alarming its neighbors. China is hardest hit, losing valuable grassland to the expanding desert. The Chinese government has announced plans to plant the Green Wall of China, a line of new forest intended to slow the desert's expansion.

Even thought its expansion threatens human habitation, the Gobi remains a distinctly beautiful area of the planet, with a rich history buried beneath its surface.

Comments

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Yay!

Thank you!

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how do they live

how do these people live in the gobi desert

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this really helped me on my

this really helped me on my homework it shows a lot of great facts and details thank u don't know what I would do if I did find it :)

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Homework also

Yeah this was a great help. Thanks :D

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it helped me on my geography

it helped me on my geography

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I WANNA PICNIC

I WANNA PICKNIC IN SUMMER!!! :D

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amazing

this website has loads of good info and helped me alot in my school projects on the gobi desert!! x

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Tue 2 / 18 /14 by LEAH

I totally agree this website has really helped me with my school work!Thanks l give you

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China wants to plant a forest?

the Green Wall of China? lol. If it were true then Hong Kong wouldn't be plagued with pollution from the mainland.

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China wants to plant a forest

I really agree with you :-D !!!!!!!!

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the gobi desert

iv been learning about the gobi desert in school.

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Ive been learning about it to

Ive been learning about it to

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:)

Gr8

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so awsome i go out with A

so awsome i go out with A GIRL AND HER NAME GOBI SO COOL

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Exellent!

This is a wonderful website!

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awesome

no more homewotrk for me

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Khongor Els

How high are the highs dunes in Khongor Els?

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Thanks

I appear to be the only adult posting here - great now I feel old :) Nicely done site; I found this searching for background info about an excellent movie (IMO) called "The Way Out," a true story about escapees from a Russian WW II prison who amazingly decided to try and cross this (AND the Himalayas) to get to freedom in India - thousands of miles all told. Anyway, again a great site, thx

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Reaserch

Thankyou. This website is really helping me. I think though it needs a little more facts.

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this website

This website is awesome!!!!!!!!!!!!
Lots of different facts!

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Thank you so much!

Thanks guys - really helped me with my homework studies! Now I have even more time to play pokemon! Another thank you!
- Rachel 'Gobi Desert' Rees

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deserts

Deserts is cool and awesome because we can see some exciting things .I will love to go there!!!! i also love this website ,thanks alot for giving this awesome things about
Every thing!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

by Farah Yasmin kais .

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this

wow this is umazig

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Student

For a Highschool student it is #1

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This^

Amazing* lol

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get a load of Mega Mit!!!!!

get a load of Mega Mit!!!!!

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What animals are there

Hmmmmmm help me

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Gobi

This is a Desert thats big...

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gobi

This is a Desert thats big...

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dessert

hi! my name is gobi yes I was named after the gobi desert yes I didn't want to be named that but my mother was a biology teacher and very very very very very scientific and weird so then one foggy day at 12:00 am I was born. gobi Washington de la rosa was born that's me! :)

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Wow! Beautiful name!

Wow! Beautiful name!

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yaeh,its really amazing

yaeh,its really amazing

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I found the animals that are there. Here it is!!!!!

Animals: The desert is a home for many different animals like black-tailed gazelles, bactrian camels, wolves, marbled polecats, Mongolian wild ass, brown bears, snow leopards, and sandplovers.

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animals

wolves, gazelles, polecats, donkeys, its in the article

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its up on the right hand

its up on the right hand side.

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School

I have this project where I have to write
and draw about the gobi desert first I have
To have an intro of the gobi desert than I have
To write about a plant and an animal the
Climate a map. HELP!!!

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What are people trying to do about desertification?

What are people trying to do about Desertification? I really like how you set it up this is really cool. i got a ton of information! Thank you soooooo much! but really i must know!

Thanks Again

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school

when did Marco polo cross the Gobi

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oh yeah

this website is awsome

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Why do I see snow?

Why do I see snow?

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you see snow because the gobi

you see snow because the gobi desert is very cold on the winter and very hot on summer.

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After all....

ALASKA is a desert, it's just covered in snow.

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Only the fifth largest? I

Only the fifth largest? I could walk through the Gobi Desert with a half a liter bottle of water. NP really!

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Great

Awesome website, really helpful , <3 <3 <3

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Oasis

are Oasis even worth it to find if you were in the Gobi and how?

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how hot is it

i dont know how hot gobi desert is :p :s

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gobi desert

it is not hot it is cold

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Read the article

Read the article it says it in the article

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Snow?

Do I see snow in the picture?

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gobi desert

IT can reach -40 in the winter and 122 in the summer

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At a Glance

Desertification: The Gobi desert is expanding in a process known as desertification. It is expanding into China’s grassland. Dust storms have increased heavily damaging agriculture.


Plants: The desert flora includes the Saxaul Tree, Saltwort, wild onions, desert shrubbery and grass


Animals: The desert is a home for many different animals like black-tailed gazelles, bactrian camels, wolves, marbled polecats, Mongolian wild ass, brown bears, snow leopards, and sandplovers.

Gobi Desert Book