At a Glance

Size:The Gobi desert covers 1.3 million square kilometers and is elevated with hot summers and cold winters.


Climate: Gobi is a very cold desert yet it rarely snows. It is located above sea level. Rainfall is up to 7.6 inches per anum.


Conservation and ecology: The eggs of dinosaur were first identified in Gobi desert. The desert is a main source of various important fossil finds.


Adaptations: To survive in Gobi desert, the plants have to lose their leaves until it rains again. They are gifted with long roots that absorb water from a large area. Animals get their water from the food they eat, and come out at night.

Climate

Most deserts suffer from rapid changes in temperature throughout the year, but the Gobi has a climate of extremes. The temperature has been known to shift 60 degrees Fahrenheit in as little as 24 hours. It can get down to minus-40 degrees in the winter, and as hot as 122 degrees in the summer. Though the desert only receives an average of 7.6 inches of rainfall per year (compare that to the Amazon Rainforest which recieves 9 feet), but that's not the only precipitation. Thanks to region's height above sea level (up to 5,000 feet in some areas) and northerly position on the globe, it's not unheard-of to see frost or even snow atop the dunes occasionally.

Gobi Desert Dry Climate


Monsoons from the southeast sometimes will reach the southeastern portion of the Gobi, the area is traditionally extremely dry. Winter can cause problems, with high winds and low temperatures creating icy sandstorms or even snowstorms. Though the temperature fluctuations can be extreme, the mean temperature for the entire year in the Gobi is only 37 degrees. January's average temp hovers around 2 degrees, while in July the temperature sticks about 66 degrees.

Though the region doesn't receive much water during the rainy season, the Gobi receives more moisture during the winter. The Siberian Steppes, north of the Gobi, are responsible for much of the snow that appears on the desert. High winds sweep the snow from the Steppes, distributing it over the dunes of the Gobi during the winter months. Because most of the desert is actually rock rather than sand, however, even this extra moisture has little effect on the region's ecosystem.

These high winds are also the major cause of the temperature extremes common to the Gobi. Both cold and hot air are swept across the desert unhindered. The environment of the Gobi can be harsh and unforgiving, but the area remains an important piece of history and culture to the world.

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Types of Climate
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2. coastal deserts
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At a Glance

Desertification: The Gobi desert is expanding in a process known as desertification. It is expanding into China’s grassland. Dust storms have increased heavily damaging agriculture.


Plants: The desert flora includes the Saxaul Tree, Saltwort, wild onions, desert shrubbery and grass


Animals: The desert is a home for many different animals like black-tailed gazelles, bactrian camels, wolves, marbled polecats, Mongolian wild ass, brown bears, snow leopards, and sandplovers.