At a Glance

Size:The Gobi desert covers 1.3 million square kilometers and is elevated with hot summers and cold winters.


Climate: Gobi is a very cold desert yet it rarely snows. It is located above sea level. Rainfall is up to 7.6 inches per anum.


Conservation and ecology: The eggs of dinosaur were first identified in Gobi desert. The desert is a main source of various important fossil finds.


Adaptations: To survive in Gobi desert, the plants have to lose their leaves until it rains again. They are gifted with long roots that absorb water from a large area. Animals get their water from the food they eat, and come out at night.

The Gobi Desert

Although it's only the fifth largest in the world, the Gobi Desert is the most expansive arid region on the Asian continent. The desert spans two countries, covering parts of northern and northwestern China and up into southern Mongolia. A rain shadow desert, Gobi suffers from having most of its rain blocked by the Himalyas. However, this doesn't mean the region receives zero precipitation. In fact, the Gobi gets about 7 inches of rainfall each year.

The Gobi Desert

Gobi is a cold desert, thanks to its northern location and height (roughly 1520 meters above sea level at the area's highest points). As a result, sometimes frost and even snow can be seen capping Gobi's dunes. Temperatures can fall as far minus-40 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. Summer is no picnic, either, with the heat occasionally rising to 122 degrees Fahrenheit. The desert is also far less sandy than other deserts. Instead, the desert floor is mostly bare rock, due in most part to the high winds that whip across the plateau. Gobi may be the fifth largest desert on the planet, but the area actually contains five distinct ecological regions: The Eastern Gobi desert steppe, the Alashan Plateau semi-desert, The Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe, the Dzungarian Basin semi-desert, and the Tian Shan range.

The Eastern Gobi desert steppe covers the easternmost region, encompassing 281,800 square kilometers. This region spans the area from the Inner Mongolian Plateau in China northward into Mongolia itself. There are many salt ponds and low-lying areas in the Eastern Gobi, as well as the Yin Mountains.

The Alashan Plateau semi-desert sits to the west-southwest of the Eastern Gobi desert steppe. Most of this plateau is made up of desert basins and low-lying mountain ranges, including the Gobi Altai range, the Helan Mountains, and the Qilian Mountains.

The Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe lies between the Khangai Mountains and the Gobi Altai range, north of the Alashan Plateau.

The Dzungarian Basin semi-desert is situated between the Tian Shan range in the south and the Altai mountains to the north. The area extends from the southeastern corner of Mongolia into China, covering the northern part of Xinjiang province in China.

The Tian Shan range acts as a border between the Dzungarian Basin and the Taklamakan Desert to the west. The Taklamakan is deemed separate from the Gobi because of its sandy basin surrounded by high mountain ranges.

A lot of history has happened across Gobi's dunes, too. The desert is home to the first fossilized dinosaur egg ever found, as well as many other important fossil discoveries. It was part of the great Mongol Empire, the largest contiguous empire in history, during the 13th and 14th centuries. Gobi also contained a few important cities for traders to stop and rest while traveling the Silk Road from Europe to China. The Italian explorer Marco Polo encountered Gobi's fabled cities on his epic 24-year journey through Asia back to Venice, which he recounted in his book "The Travels of Marco Polo."

The Gobi Desert continues to grow, and its rapid growth is alarming its neighbors. China is hardest hit, losing valuable grassland to the expanding desert. The Chinese government has announced plans to plant the Green Wall of China, a line of new forest intended to slow the desert's expansion.

Even thought its expansion threatens human habitation, the Gobi remains a distinctly beautiful area of the planet, with a rich history buried beneath its surface.

Comments

Replied

mostuseful site in the world

THANKZ ALOT!!

Replied

yay

thisis for my project

Replied

My Class Newspaper's Main Resource

Thank you gobidesert.org! My class does a newspaper article every week, and I missed out on the day we were told the assignment. My teacher let me pick the Gobi Desert. It sounded great, but I needed a website I could really rely on. Look's like you were the solution. I should definitely succeed with your help!!

Replied

cool

thanks have to do a project and almost all of the information I needed is on here thanks to you guys

Replied

Thanks

Thank you! I had to use this info for my science project, so thanks!

Replied

gobi desert

its great to know about the gobi desert

Replied

Project

This was all the facts I needed for an a+ report

Replied

This.helped me.with my

This.helped me.with my ecostemy project. Thanks

Replied

science

thank u for this.

Replied

thanks!

this website helped me so much with my geography assignment. whomever designed this site should get a big hug! from someone whos not me of course as i don't like being touched and i don't like people at all.

Replied

cool

IT HELPED ME DO MY REPORT BRUH

Replied

HW

LOL ME TO.

Replied

Me too

Me too

Replied

i love this

my partner will love this

Replied

project

thank God!!!!!! this website is there........it helped me in my project work........

Replied

wow

this is awesome page and it helps me with my home work sooooooooooooooooooo much selma parker

Replied

School

This is helping me on homework c:

Replied

school

this great for my homework .

Replied

me too

me too

Replied

YAY

its the best homework site ever

Replied

thank u

it was cool dog

Replied

your welcome

your welcome.

Replied

school day need information

thx so much love this website

Replied

School Research

Thank you much :3

Replied

Yes

Yes

Replied

my skit

this page helped me on my homework!!?!!

Replied

WOW

Me too, bruh

Replied

school

it really helps with projects

Replied

Homework.

Ah, thanks for the website, really helped doing my homework :D

Replied

homework

ya, it helps me with my homework and projects.

Replied

Sure helped me

Dang this really helped on my 45 page long asignment about the gobi Desert

Replied

school

Great websitw

Replied

Great web

I got all the information I needed. THX

Replied

desert

awesome

Replied

awesome

Because it helped me with my assignment with the Gobi Desert

Replied

When did the gobi desert

When did the gobi desert become popular

Replied

School

Great website u should try it it helps out a lot

Replied

homework

fresh info bruv, helped a lot

Replied

Got school

Great web site helped a lot

Replied

school

this website rox

Replied

world history

it is cool and fun to look at.

Replied

to school

you are really right

Replied

Nice

Love your website

Replied

School

Great web

Replied

Gobo des

I'm doing project on it help me a lot try it to trust me I'll love it

Replied

school

me to

Replied

Gobi Desert!!!

I just Used this really Good Website instead of Using The Movie I was Given to Watch about It. Thanks a lot!!!

Replied

This helped me a lot with me

This helped me a lot with me final exams

Replied

so useful

so useful

Replied

100

so cool

Post new comment

  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

More information about formatting options

At a Glance

Desertification: The Gobi desert is expanding in a process known as desertification. It is expanding into China’s grassland. Dust storms have increased heavily damaging agriculture.


Plants: The desert flora includes the Saxaul Tree, Saltwort, wild onions, desert shrubbery and grass


Animals: The desert is a home for many different animals like black-tailed gazelles, bactrian camels, wolves, marbled polecats, Mongolian wild ass, brown bears, snow leopards, and sandplovers.

Gobi Desert Book