At a Glance

Size:The Gobi desert covers 1.3 million square kilometers and is elevated with hot summers and cold winters.


Climate: Gobi is a very cold desert yet it rarely snows. It is located above sea level. Rainfall is up to 7.6 inches per anum.


Conservation and ecology: The eggs of dinosaur were first identified in Gobi desert. The desert is a main source of various important fossil finds.


Adaptations: To survive in Gobi desert, the plants have to lose their leaves until it rains again. They are gifted with long roots that absorb water from a large area. Animals get their water from the food they eat, and come out at night.

The Gobi Desert

Although it's only the fifth largest in the world, the Gobi Desert is the most expansive arid region on the Asian continent. The desert spans two countries, covering parts of northern and northwestern China and up into southern Mongolia. A rain shadow desert, Gobi suffers from having most of its rain blocked by the Himalyas. However, this doesn't mean the region receives zero precipitation. In fact, the Gobi gets about 7 inches of rainfall each year.

The Gobi Desert

Gobi is a cold desert, thanks to its northern location and height (roughly 1520 meters above sea level at the area's highest points). As a result, sometimes frost and even snow can be seen capping Gobi's dunes. Temperatures can fall as far minus-40 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. Summer is no picnic, either, with the heat occasionally rising to 122 degrees Fahrenheit. The desert is also far less sandy than other deserts. Instead, the desert floor is mostly bare rock, due in most part to the high winds that whip across the plateau. Gobi may be the fifth largest desert on the planet, but the area actually contains five distinct ecological regions: The Eastern Gobi desert steppe, the Alashan Plateau semi-desert, The Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe, the Dzungarian Basin semi-desert, and the Tian Shan range.

The Eastern Gobi desert steppe covers the easternmost region, encompassing 281,800 square kilometers. This region spans the area from the Inner Mongolian Plateau in China northward into Mongolia itself. There are many salt ponds and low-lying areas in the Eastern Gobi, as well as the Yin Mountains.

The Alashan Plateau semi-desert sits to the west-southwest of the Eastern Gobi desert steppe. Most of this plateau is made up of desert basins and low-lying mountain ranges, including the Gobi Altai range, the Helan Mountains, and the Qilian Mountains.

The Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe lies between the Khangai Mountains and the Gobi Altai range, north of the Alashan Plateau.

The Dzungarian Basin semi-desert is situated between the Tian Shan range in the south and the Altai mountains to the north. The area extends from the southeastern corner of Mongolia into China, covering the northern part of Xinjiang province in China.

The Tian Shan range acts as a border between the Dzungarian Basin and the Taklamakan Desert to the west. The Taklamakan is deemed separate from the Gobi because of its sandy basin surrounded by high mountain ranges.

A lot of history has happened across Gobi's dunes, too. The desert is home to the first fossilized dinosaur egg ever found, as well as many other important fossil discoveries. It was part of the great Mongol Empire, the largest contiguous empire in history, during the 13th and 14th centuries. Gobi also contained a few important cities for traders to stop and rest while traveling the Silk Road from Europe to China. The Italian explorer Marco Polo encountered Gobi's fabled cities on his epic 24-year journey through Asia back to Venice, which he recounted in his book "The Travels of Marco Polo."

The Gobi Desert continues to grow, and its rapid growth is alarming its neighbors. China is hardest hit, losing valuable grassland to the expanding desert. The Chinese government has announced plans to plant the Green Wall of China, a line of new forest intended to slow the desert's expansion.

Even thought its expansion threatens human habitation, the Gobi remains a distinctly beautiful area of the planet, with a rich history buried beneath its surface.

Comments

Replied

It ranges from -40 degrees to

It ranges from -40 degrees to 122 degrees F.

Replied

answer for how hot it is

in the summer it gets to be 122 degrees f and in the winter it gets to be -40 dergees f

Replied

do people live in gobi desert

do people live in gobi desert ?

Replied

Yes

Few people do, although there aren't many settlements there.

Replied

what do people eat

what do people eat

Replied

Great job!

I LOOOOOOVEEEE this post it is so informative and I love the comment boxes they are soooo cool! Great job!!!

Replied

ryan turrel

i am on gobi desert having a walk

Replied

Housing

Is there anything about housing?

Replied

HELP!!!!!!

Okay, so i have this project on the Gobi desert, and i have to write a page about how the Gobi desert effects the people that live there and how the people that live there effect the gobi desert as in like they pollute it or something, but i literally have nothing and it's due TOMORROWWWWWWWWW!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ik, im a procastinator, but if you have any ideas pretty please tell me themmmmm :) thanks

Replied

gobidesert

what does it look like

Replied

history

green that's what it looks like

Replied

helpful

this website is really helpful because i have to do a project thanx good pics

Replied

Just wondering

Do wild onions have long roots to absorb more water??

Replied

yes yes they do

yes yes they do

Replied

no

No they don't!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Replied

no not at all sir

no not at all sir

Replied

They might

They might

Replied

Ashfield Homework

I didn't know deserts could be so cold or that they expanded!

Replied

does it speak about lanforms

does it speak about lanforms cause i cant be bothered to read it

Replied

Thanks :D

This helped me quite a bit on the project I have to do in geography! Thank you so much for this wonderful information!

Replied

So helpfull

Thankyou whoever wrote this it was a great help for my geography desert assignment. Nice picture btw!! :)

Replied

Thankyou

This was really helpful! Thanks!

Replied

gobi

i luv gobi desert

Replied

awsome

gobi deasert looks awsome!

Replied

haha it was so easy to draw

haha it was so easy to draw lol and i love this web site

Replied

i like the format 2. its a

i like the format 2. its a realy nice pic!

Replied

desert

this is a very helpful website, very useful info

Replied

gobi desert

this stuff is amazing!!

Replied

I no right!!

I no right!!

Replied

Grammar Police.

You have Spelled "Know" incorrect. DCorrect sentence: "I know right?"

Replied

it sure is amazing

it sure is amazing

Replied

this desert

this website is amazing <3 it

Replied

Awesome Website!

Awesome Website!

Replied

that is right

that is right

Replied

Helpp meeee pleaseeee!!!!

I habve a hugeee report and I have to do and oral presentation, and a 3-D project... point issss.. Idk what to dooo!! I cant just fill up a box with sandd.. Helpp!!

Replied

me too

me too

Replied

Muy Bien!

yo me gusta esta web site. Es muy practico.

Replied

me too

I have a roport on the Gobi for science

Replied

science/history

so dont i i hope this will help me.

Replied

AWE

AWE

Replied

same hear

meto it seams realy intersting.....!!!!!!!!!!

Replied

Heyyy(:

And just get one of those desert kits from a store and get some camels or somethin and put them on it.

Replied

Helpp!!

I have a bis assiment to do for one of my clasees about the gobi desert and im in grade 8 i havent adjusted yet soo..Ive been looking on every website and non of them will anwser my simple Question "how was the gobi desert formed"
Please helpppppp

Replied

how was the Gobi desert formed

god

Replied

Gobi Desert

The Gobi Desert was formed by farming land having droughts so they could not be farms

Replied

Hi

The water long ago filled it and then it dried out from hot days and rock filled it in over time!

Replied

GGGGGGGGG

Great sit i love it

Replied

This website insight

A guy in my class recomended this to our teacher and he recomened it to us

Replied

your sad then!

your sad then!

Replied

ausum website..

i really appreciate the person who had me by making this website...

Post new comment

  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

More information about formatting options

At a Glance

Desertification: The Gobi desert is expanding in a process known as desertification. It is expanding into China’s grassland. Dust storms have increased heavily damaging agriculture.


Plants: The desert flora includes the Saxaul Tree, Saltwort, wild onions, desert shrubbery and grass


Animals: The desert is a home for many different animals like black-tailed gazelles, bactrian camels, wolves, marbled polecats, Mongolian wild ass, brown bears, snow leopards, and sandplovers.

Gobi Desert Book