At a Glance

Size:The Gobi desert covers 1.3 million square kilometers and is elevated with hot summers and cold winters.


Climate: Gobi is a very cold desert yet it rarely snows. It is located above sea level. Rainfall is up to 7.6 inches per anum.


Conservation and ecology: The eggs of dinosaur were first identified in Gobi desert. The desert is a main source of various important fossil finds.


Adaptations: To survive in Gobi desert, the plants have to lose their leaves until it rains again. They are gifted with long roots that absorb water from a large area. Animals get their water from the food they eat, and come out at night.

Travel

CamelsThe Gobi is the fifth largest desert in the world, covering more than 500,000 square miles of Mongolia and China. Vast areas of the terrain are rocky rather than sandy, and rainfall only averages 7.6 inches every year. The temperature can fluctuate by as much as 60 degrees in 24 hours. In winter, the nights can fall to minus-40 degrees Fahrenheit, while summer can see heat rising as high as 122 degrees. High winds sweep across the rocky desert at speeds up to 85 miles per hour during the spring and fall.

Because of all these factors, travel across the Gobi desert can be an extremely difficult undertaking. Water is scarce, as is food and shelter. But wherever there is an area of vegetation, herders are likely to be found. Mongolian herders are incredibly hospitable. Their culture has an old proverb stating, “Happy is the one who has guests, merry is the home boasting a tethering rail full of visitor's horses.”

This doesn't mean there's nothing to see in the Gobi, though. The Great Gobi National Park covers an area larger than Switzerland. The park is home to the only remaining Bactrian, or two-humped, camels, as well as the last surviving Gobi bears in the world. There are an estimated 50 of these bears left, the only bear species to inhabit a desert.

There's also a small oasis located on the northern edge of the Gobi called One Hundred Trees Oasis. Here, herders can feed and water their livestock from a small lake, or the many saxaul trees in the area. Another oasis sits in the Southern Gobi, called Ekhiingol. This oasis was once an important communist agricultural research center, but since then all but about 20 families have left. Tomatoes, watermelon, cucumber, and peppers are grown and sold locally, since moving produce to faraway markets is nearly impossible.

The Gobi Desert is perhaps one of the most severe regions on the planet, but people, plants, and animals have lived there for more than 2,000 years. Life can survive and beauty can be found even in the harshest places on Earth.

Comments

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Facts heard about Gobi desert

Facts heard about Gobi desert is that it is the coldest desert on earth at night. And ofcourse the largest in Asia. And the Chinese government faces so many problems like sand storms. So to defend these, they have planted tress along the border of the desert. Thanks for the info.

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gobi desert

true dat

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desert

its asome

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This is the best

thank you thank you thank you. This helped me so much!!!

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Great

Amazing website, really factual and helped my so much with my essay. Keep up the goood work!!

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latitude

what is the latitude i cant find it any where

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what cities are near the

what cities are near the gobi!!!!!

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Traditional Transport

What is the traditional transport use din the gobi desert

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Traditional Transport

Traditional transport in the Gobi would be the camel then horses.

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surviving

how do you cope with the heat in the desert

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This Rescource

I think That this website is REALLY COOL!!! It helped me to better understand the place and explain it to my Granddaughter.

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woow

i got some information of a site that said the black plauge originated in gobi desert sooo...any know the details of that theroy

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silk road ?

any info. on the silk road???????

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Weather

how cold does it get in the desert?

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weather

minus 40 degrees fahreniet

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It can get colder than -40

It can get colder than -40 degrees fairhenhight (I think thats how u spell it)

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hahahahahh

hahahaha that awesome

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wow

a got to indment that is cool

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you spelled it wrong

it's spelled Fahrenheit.
approved by a school spelling bee champion.

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At a Glance

Desertification: The Gobi desert is expanding in a process known as desertification. It is expanding into China’s grassland. Dust storms have increased heavily damaging agriculture.


Plants: The desert flora includes the Saxaul Tree, Saltwort, wild onions, desert shrubbery and grass


Animals: The desert is a home for many different animals like black-tailed gazelles, bactrian camels, wolves, marbled polecats, Mongolian wild ass, brown bears, snow leopards, and sandplovers.

Gobi Desert Book